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Kinesiology started in Sweden


The Swedish Professor Carl August Georgii at the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute GCI in Stockholm, created and coined the new international word Kinesiology in 1854.

The term Kinesiology is a literal translation to Greek-English from the original Swedish word Rörelselära, meaning "Movement-Study/Knowledge", which was the foundation of the Medical Gymnastics (the original Physiotherapy) from Sweden.

 Swedish Professor Carl August Georgii at the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute GCI, 1880
Swedish Professor Carl August Georgii (1808-1881) at the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute GCI, created the new international word "Kinesiology" in 1854.



Who created Manual Muscle Testing?


Manual Muscle Testing was created and developed in Sweden, by the early Swedish physiotherapists in Stockholm at Royal Gymnastic Central Institute GCI, founded in 1813. (1)

The very first documented manual muscle test was done by the famous Swedish medical gymnast and physical therapist Henrik Kellgren, who worked in Sweden, England and Germany.

 Swedish Manual Muscle Test from Henrik Kellgren at Royal Gymnastic Central Institute GCI, late 1800
Swedish Manual Muscle Test from Henrik Kellgren at Royal Gymnastic Central Institute GCI, late 1800

Manual muscle testing was brought to USA by Swedish physiotherapists/medical gymnasts in Boston, starting 1888. (2)
Manual muscle testing was further researched and developed by American physical therapists in Boston from 1912 (3) and later by American chiropractors from 1964. (4)


 Chiropractor George J Goodheart Jr, founder of Applied Kinesiology doing the same manual muscle test 100 years later
Chiropractor George J Goodheart Jr, founder of Applied Kinesiology doing the same manual muscle test (of Trapezius muscle descending part and M. splenius, M. scalenus neck lateral flexors) 100 years later.


1. The Royal Gymnastic Central Institute, GCI was founded 1813 in Stockholm, Sweden by Pehr Henrik Ling. It was the first Physiotherapy School in the world, training hundreds of medical gymnasts who spread the Swedish physical therapy to all continents around of the world.
In 1887 Sweden was the first country in the world to give a national state licence to physiotherapists/physical therapists.

2. Swedish teachers at "Boston Normal School of Gymnastics BNSG" and later at the Swedish "Posse-Nissen School of Physical Education" ("Baroness Rose Posse School of Physical Education and Physiotherapy") in Boston, USA.
The Swedish trained (at GCI) medical gymnast and physiotherapist Nils Posse wrote the very first book ever with the word "Kinesiology" in the book's title: The Special Kinesiology Of Educational Gymnastics (Boston, 1894)

3. by Wilhelmine G. Wright (student at the BNSG, 1905) and Robert W. Lovett (M.D.) at Harvard University, Boston, USA.

4. by George J. Goodheart and Alan G. Beardall at the International College of Applied Kinesiology, USA.


 Nils Posse, a medical gymnast from Sweden, wrote the very first book ever with the word 'Kinesiology' in the book's title: 'The Special Kinesiology Of Educational Gymnastics', Boston 1894.
(click on the image to see large photo)

This is the first book ever written with the word "Kinesiology" in the title of the book. It was written by the Swedish Medical Gymnast Nils Posse: The Special Kinesiology Of Educational Gymnastics. Published in Boston, 1894-1895












Learn advanced Manual Muscle Testing and Neuromuscular tests at the Swedish School of Kinesiology in Stockholm














Kinesiologi - Kinesiology

www.Kinesiologi.se / www.Kinesiology.com


Swedish School of Kinesiology / Svenska Kinesiologi Skolan
Sigtunagatan 4
SE-113 22 Stockholm
Sweden

Email: info@kinesiologi
Phone 08-339669 (+468-339669)

School: DeGeersgatan 16, Karlaplan/Gärdet

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